Rural migrants and urban adaptation: a case study of Kampala City slums, Uganda (WITHDRAWN)

Abel Nzabona, Makerere University

The paper discusses rural out migration in Uganda and how migrants adapt to Kampala City’s urban environment. Using primary data, the paper examines forms and factors of adaptation. Objective and subjective indicators of adaptation are presented and discussed. The paper reveals that differential adaptation had taken place. Bivariate and multivariate analysis shows that demographic and socioeconomic factors significantly influenced adaptation. Analysis further shows that although Kampala City’s urban environment poses challenges to new arrivals, migrants continued to come into the city and some managed to adjust to its conditions. The conclusion is that slum settlements are likely to persist. It is recommended that programmes be put in place to address slum realities. Furthermore, in light of the gender disparity in adaptation, it is suggested that women empowerment efforts be scaled up.

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Presented in Session 118: Migration and adaptation of migrants