Household environment and maternal health among rural women in Osun State, Nigeria

Ayodeji J. Kupoluyi, Joseph Ayo Babalola University
Olumuyiwa L. E. Abejide, Joseph Ayo Babalola University

The household environmental conditions of mothers, such as, house structure, nutrition, sanitation, and toilet facilities were examined. Household decision, domestic violence, socio-cultural facilities and access to and utilization of maternal health facilities were used to explain maternal health status. Theoretical model was based on the ecological, eco-social and social action. Qualitative and quantitative data were obtained from field work in 2010. A representative sample of 823 women, 20 FGDs and 20 IDIs were drawn. The survey instrument was analyzed at univariate, bivariate and multivariate levels. Findings showed that physical household structure and socio-economic status of women determine maternal health among rural women. Access to and utilization of maternal health facilities were directly associated with maternal health. Decision-making and domestic violence are issues affecting maternal health. The findings suggest need to improve the physical condition of homes and address culture that undermine maternal health status in rural areas of Osun State.

Presented in Poster Session 3